Bikes have been used for touring for decades (maybe even longer!) and can be used for short one or two day bike trips or longer, round the world type expeditions.
Touring bikes traditionally tend to be fitted with road style drop handlebars but flat bar hybrid bikes can also be used for touring. Touring bikes need to able to carry weight safely and are usually fitted with mounts to take panniers both front and rear. It is still possible to find touring bikes manufactured from steel, but aluminium and less often, carbon fibre frames are also available.
Fitted with 700c wheels, as a rule, they usually have clearance for wider width tyres and will take a full set of mudguards enabling the rider to choose the road less travelled in weather least wanted.
With a wide range of lower gears the touring bike can be easily pedalled, fully loaded up hill and down dale without leaving the saddle. Very often they have a triple chainset at the front (sometimes a double) with 8,9,10 or 11 gears at the rear.
Rim brakes are common, sometimes cantilever, or v-brake but with disk brakes finding their way onto road bikes more frequently, braking in all weather conditions even with the bike carrying weight, is achieved with more confidence.
The touring bike needs to be built for comfort as very often the rider spends long hours in the saddle and the riding position tends to be more upright and relaxed.
So if you’re planning a holiday or trip with your bike and need to transport your luggage safely, a good quality touring bike is the perfect bike for the job.